Turkey, Psychology in
Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Boratav, H. B. 2010. Turkey, Psychology in. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Turkey is often seen as a cultural as well as a geographical bridge between the East and the West. Bearing the legacies of great civilizations in Anatolia, the country has a rich cultural heritage. Previously, issues of psychological relevance were largely relegated to the mystic and religious realms. The fall of the Ottoman Empire after World War I and the founding of the Turkish Republic in 1923, accompanied by the introduction of secular reforms, provided a context within which Western scientific ideas emerged as an alternative to and challenged traditional systems of knowledge and belief (Bolak-Boratav, 2004).