Standard Article

Music Therapy

  1. Jayne M. Standley

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy2008

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Standley, J. M. 2010. Music Therapy. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. Florida State University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

Music therapy (MT) is an evidence-based behavioral science that elicits beneficial change in an individual or group through unique music techniques. Music therapy treatment uses psychological principles within a standard therapeutic paradigm: identification of a specific problem, assessment, development of a treatment plan incorporating research-based techniques, and evaluation of observable and measurable outcomes. Matching the music stimuli to the music preference of the client is a critical component. Over 83% of music therapists use a behavioral approach to therapy (Silverman, 2007), while a small number utilize psychoanalytic or interpretive techniques (Darrow, 2004). This article focuses on the cognitive-behavioral approaches.

Keywords:

  • perception;
  • cognition;
  • preference;
  • group therapy;
  • music therapy