12. Sampling Methods

  1. Harold M. McNair and
  2. James M. Miller

Published Online: 19 NOV 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470480106.ch12

Basic Gas Chromatography, Second Edition

Basic Gas Chromatography, Second Edition

How to Cite

McNair, H. M. and Miller, J. M. (2009) Sampling Methods, in Basic Gas Chromatography, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470480106.ch12

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 NOV 2008
  2. Published Print: 10 JUN 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470439548

Online ISBN: 9780470480106



  • sampling methods and sample preparation techniques by sample type;
  • Single-Drop Micro-Extraction (SDME);
  • liquid–solid extraction - solid-phase extraction (SPE)


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Overview

  • Liquid–Liquid Extraction (LLE)

  • Solid–Liquid Extraction: Soxhlet Extraction and Accelerated Solvent Extraction (ASE)

  • Liquid–Solid Extraction: Solid-Phase Extraction (SPE)

  • Liquid- or Solid-Vapor Extraction: Headspace Extraction

  • Solid-Phase Micro-extraction (SPME)

  • Additional Techniques and Summary

  • References