Scientific Ability

  1. Gregory R. Bock Organizer and
  2. Kate Ackrill
  1. Kurt A. Heller

Published Online: 28 SEP 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9780470514498.ch9

Ciba Foundation Symposium 178 - The Origins and Development of High Ability

Ciba Foundation Symposium 178 - The Origins and Development of High Ability

How to Cite

Heller, K. A. (2007) Scientific Ability, in Ciba Foundation Symposium 178 - The Origins and Development of High Ability (eds G. R. Bock and K. Ackrill), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470514498.ch9

Author Information

  1. Department of Psychology, University of Munich, Leopoldstrasse 13, D-80802 Munich, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 SEP 2007

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471939450

Online ISBN: 9780470514498

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Keywords:

  • scientific ability;
  • cognitive psychological studies;
  • performance;
  • sex-related problems;
  • psychometric studies

Summary

Following an introductory definition of scientific ability, product-oriented, personality and social psychological approaches to studying scientific ability are examined with reference to competence and performance. Studies in the psychometric versus cognitive psychological paradigms are dealt with in more detail. These two research strategies complement each other excellently in describing and explaining scientific ability and achievement or expertise in the field of science and technology. Whereas psychometric studies seem to be essential for diagnostic and prognostic purposes, cognitive psychological studies help to explain excellent performance. Finally, various possibilities for nurturing scientifically gifted adolescents are discussed, with sex-related problems being touched upon.