Chapter 5. General Physiology of Glial Cells

  1. Alexei Verkhratsky1 and
  2. Arthur Butt2

Published Online: 5 SEP 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9780470517796.ch5

Glial Neurobiology: A Textbook

Glial Neurobiology: A Textbook

How to Cite

Verkhratsky, A. and Butt, A. (2007) General Physiology of Glial Cells, in Glial Neurobiology: A Textbook, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470517796.ch5

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Manchester, USA

  2. 2

    University of Portsmouth, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 SEP 2007
  2. Published Print: 22 JUN 2007

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470015643

Online ISBN: 9780470517796

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Keywords:

  • glia electrical depolarization;
  • potassium voltage-gated channels;
  • astroglial perivascular endfeet;
  • receptors to neurotransmitters and neuromodulators;
  • Schwann cells - ionotropic (P2X) and metabotropic (P2Y);
  • glutamate receptors;
  • metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs);
  • neurotransmitter release;
  • complement system and immune response;
  • glial calcium signalling

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Membrane potential and ion distribution

  • Ion channels

  • Receptors to neurotransmitters and neuromodulators

  • Glial syncytium – gap junctions

  • Glial calcium signalling

  • Neurotransmitter release from astroglial cells

  • Glial neurotransmitter transporters

  • Glial cells produce and release neuropeptides

  • Glial cell derived growth factors