2. What is Hard Water?

  1. William Wist,
  2. Jay H. Lehr and
  3. Rod McEachern

Published Online: 17 SEP 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470529058.ch2

Water Softening with Potassium Chloride: Process, Health, and Environmental Benefits

Water Softening with Potassium Chloride: Process, Health, and Environmental Benefits

How to Cite

Wist, W., Lehr, J. H. and McEachern, R. (2009) What is Hard Water?, in Water Softening with Potassium Chloride: Process, Health, and Environmental Benefits, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470529058.ch2

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 SEP 2009
  2. Published Print: 18 SEP 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470087138

Online ISBN: 9780470529058

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • “hard water”- waters high in calcium and magnesium;
  • minerals contributing to hard water formation;
  • problems associated with hard water

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Definition of Hard Water

  • How Hard Water is Created

  • Problems Associated With Hard Water

  • How Hard Water is Measured

  • Uniform Degrees of Hardness

  • Types of Hardness