3. Lowering Water Hardness

  1. William Wist,
  2. Jay H. Lehr and
  3. Rod McEachern

Published Online: 17 SEP 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470529058.ch3

Water Softening with Potassium Chloride: Process, Health, and Environmental Benefits

Water Softening with Potassium Chloride: Process, Health, and Environmental Benefits

How to Cite

Wist, W., Lehr, J. H. and McEachern, R. (2009) Lowering Water Hardness, in Water Softening with Potassium Chloride: Process, Health, and Environmental Benefits, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470529058.ch3

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 SEP 2009
  2. Published Print: 18 SEP 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470087138

Online ISBN: 9780470529058

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Keywords:

  • lowering water hardness with deionization, precipitation, and distillation;
  • water purification by reverse osmosis;
  • water purification by precipitation and large-scale production of potable water

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Ion Exchange

  • Deionization or Demineralization

  • Reverse Osmosis

  • Distillation

  • Precipitation