8. Comparison of KCl and NaCl as Regenerant

  1. William Wist,
  2. Jay H. Lehr and
  3. Rod McEachern

Published Online: 17 SEP 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470529058.ch8

Water Softening with Potassium Chloride: Process, Health, and Environmental Benefits

Water Softening with Potassium Chloride: Process, Health, and Environmental Benefits

How to Cite

Wist, W., Lehr, J. H. and McEachern, R. (2009) Comparison of KCl and NaCl as Regenerant, in Water Softening with Potassium Chloride: Process, Health, and Environmental Benefits, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470529058.ch8

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 SEP 2009
  2. Published Print: 18 SEP 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470087138

Online ISBN: 9780470529058

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Keywords:

  • comparison of KCL and NaCL as regenerants;
  • calculating regeneration efficiency;
  • saturation extent of NaCl and KCl as function of time

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Definition of Terms

  • Theoretical Capacities of KCl and NaCl Regenerants

  • Calculation of Regeneration Efficiency

  • Sizing a Softener for Salt Efficiency

  • Implications for Salt Consumption

  • Total Salt Released to the Environment

  • Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Solubility

  • Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Speed of Dissolution

  • Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Capacity

  • Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Used and Unused Regenerant

  • Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Release of Chlorides to the Environment

  • Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Taste

  • Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Generation of Fines

  • Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Sodium Content of Softened Water

  • Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Potassium Content of Softened Water

  • Comparison of KCl and NaCl: Total Dissolved Solids