Unit

Target Identification Using Drug Affinity Responsive Target Stability (DARTS)

  1. Brett Lomenick1,
  2. Gwanghyun Jung1,
  3. James A. Wohlschlegel2,3,
  4. Jing Huang1,3

Published Online: 1 DEC 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470559277.ch110180

Current Protocols in Chemical Biology

Current Protocols in Chemical Biology

How to Cite

Lomenick, B., Jung, G., Wohlschlegel, J. A. and Huang, J. 2011. Target Identification Using Drug Affinity Responsive Target Stability (DARTS). Current Protocols in Chemical Biology. 3:163–180.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

  2. 2

    Department of Biological Chemistry, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

  3. 3

    Molecular Biology Institute, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 DEC 2011
  2. Published Print: DEC 2011

Abstract

Drug affinity responsive target stability (DARTS) is a general methodology for identifying and studying protein-ligand interactions. The technique is based on the principle that when a small molecule compound binds to a protein, the interaction stabilizes the target protein's structure such that it becomes resistant to proteases. DARTS is particularly useful for the initial identification of the protein targets of small molecules, but can also be used to validate potential protein-ligand interactions predicted or identified by other means and to estimate the affinity of interactions. The approach is simple and advantageous because it can be performed using crude cell lysates and other complex protein mixtures (without requiring purified proteins), and it uses native, unmodified small molecules. The protocols in this unit describe the general approach for performing DARTS experiments, which can be easily modified and scaled to fit project-specific criteria. Curr. Protoc. Chem. Biol. 3:163-180 © 2011 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Keywords:

  • target ID;
  • DARTS;
  • proteins;
  • ligands;
  • binding;
  • proteomics;
  • mass spectrometry