1. Introduction

  1. Charles D. Ghilani Ph.D. Professor

Published Online: 9 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470586266.ch1

Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition

Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition

How to Cite

Ghilani, C. D. (2010) Introduction, in Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470586266.ch1

Author Information

  1. The Pennsylvania State University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 3 MAR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470464915

Online ISBN: 9780470586266

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Keywords:

  • field of surveying and global navigation satellite systems (GNSS);
  • Geographic information systems (GIS) and new data acquisition instruments;
  • direct and indirect measurements;
  • precise values - not necessarily being accurate values;
  • least squares method - based on theory of mathematical probability

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Direct and Indirect Measurements

  • Measurement Error Sources

  • Definitions

  • Precision versus Accuracy

  • Redundant Observations in Surveying and Their Adjustment

  • Advantages of Least Squares Adjustment

  • Overview of the Book

  • Problems