10. Weights of Observations

  1. Charles D. Ghilani Ph.D. Professor

Published Online: 9 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470586266.ch10

Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition

Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition

How to Cite

Ghilani, C. D. (2010) Weights of Observations, in Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470586266.ch10

Author Information

  1. The Pennsylvania State University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 3 MAR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470464915

Online ISBN: 9780470586266

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Keywords:

  • weights of observations;
  • measure of observation's relative worth - compared to other observations;
  • cofactor matrix;
  • weighted mean;
  • weights in angle observations

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Weighted Mean

  • Relation between Weights and Standard Errors

  • Statistics of Weighted Observations

  • Weights in Angle Observations

  • Weights in Differential Leveling

  • Practical Examples

  • Problems