15. Adjustment of Horizontal Surveys: Triangulation

  1. Charles D. Ghilani Ph.D. Professor

Published Online: 9 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470586266.ch15

Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition

Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition

How to Cite

Ghilani, C. D. (2010) Adjustment of Horizontal Surveys: Triangulation, in Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470586266.ch15

Author Information

  1. The Pennsylvania State University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 3 MAR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470464915

Online ISBN: 9780470586266

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Keywords:

  • horizontal survey adjustment - triangulation;
  • azimuth observation equation;
  • angle intersection method - determining horizontal position of station;
  • adjustment of resections - reference standard deviation for adjustment;
  • additional horizon closure angles

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Azimuth Observation Equation

  • Angle Observation Equation

  • Adjustment of Intersections

  • Adjustment of Resections

  • Adjustment of Triangulated Quadrilaterals

  • Problems

  • Programming Problems