16. Adjustment of Horizontal Surveys: Traverses and Horizontal Networks

  1. Charles D. Ghilani Ph.D. Professor

Published Online: 9 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470586266.ch16

Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition

Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition

How to Cite

Ghilani, C. D. (2010) Adjustment of Horizontal Surveys: Traverses and Horizontal Networks, in Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470586266.ch16

Author Information

  1. The Pennsylvania State University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 3 MAR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470464915

Online ISBN: 9780470586266

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Keywords:

  • adjustment of horizontal surveys - traverses and horizontal networks;
  • methods for making traverse adjustments - using least squares method;
  • observation equation - written for each distance;
  • direction or angle;
  • network adjustment;
  • goodness-of-fit test

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction to Traverse Adjustments

  • Observation Equations

  • Redundant Equations

  • Numerical Example

  • Minimum Amount of Control

  • Adjustment of Networks

  • x2 Test: Goodness of Fit

  • Problems

  • Programming Problems