17. Adjustment of GNSS Networks

Published Online: 9 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470586266.ch17

Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis

Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis

How to Cite

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 22 MAR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470464915

Online ISBN: 9780470586266



  • GNSS network adjustment;
  • first-generation system;
  • TRANSIT - using six satellites based on doppler principle;
  • Navigation Satellite Tracking and Ranging (NAVSTAR) Global Positioning System (GPS);
  • reference coordinate systems for GNSS observations;
  • geocentric control station coordinates


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • GNSS Observations

  • GNSS Errors and the Need for Adjustment

  • Reference Coordinate Systems for GNSS Observations

  • Converting between the Terrestrial and Geodetic Coordinate Systems

  • Application of Least Squares in Processing GNSS Data

  • Network Preadjustment Data Analysis

  • Least Squares Adjustment of GNSS Networks

  • Problems

  • Programming Problems