20. Constraint Equations

  1. Charles D. Ghilani Ph.D. Professor

Published Online: 9 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470586266.ch20

Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition

Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition

How to Cite

Ghilani, C. D. (2010) Constraint Equations, in Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470586266.ch20

Author Information

  1. The Pennsylvania State University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 3 MAR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470464915

Online ISBN: 9780470586266

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • constraint equations and constrained adjustment;
  • control station coordinate adjustment;
  • solution by elimination of constraints;
  • holding control fixed in trilateration adjustment;
  • redundancies in constrained adjustment

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Adjustment of Control Station Coordinates

  • Holding Control Fixed in a Trilateration Adjustment

  • Helmert's Method

  • Redundancies in a Constrained Adjustment

  • Enforcing Constraints through Weighting

  • Problems

  • Practical Exercises