3. Random Error Theory

  1. Charles D. Ghilani Ph.D. Professor

Published Online: 9 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470586266.ch3

Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition

Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition

How to Cite

Ghilani, C. D. (2010) Random Error Theory, in Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470586266.ch3

Author Information

  1. The Pennsylvania State University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 3 MAR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470464915

Online ISBN: 9780470586266

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Keywords:

  • random error theory and random error occurrence;
  • standard normal distribution function;
  • probability;
  • a fraction ranging between zero and 1;
  • probability of standard error;
  • standard errors and errors of other percent probabilities

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Theory of Probability

  • Properties of the Normal Distribution Curve

  • Standard Normal Distribution Function

  • Probability of the Standard Error

  • Uses for Percent Errors

  • Practical Examples

  • Problems

  • Programming Problems