9. Error Propagation in Elevation Determination

  1. Charles D. Ghilani Ph.D. Professor

Published Online: 9 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470586266.ch9

Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition

Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition

How to Cite

Ghilani, C. D. (2010) Error Propagation in Elevation Determination, in Adjustment Computations: Spatial Data Analysis, Fifth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470586266.ch9

Author Information

  1. The Pennsylvania State University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 3 MAR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470464915

Online ISBN: 9780470586266

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Keywords:

  • error propagation in elevation determination;
  • differential and trigonometric leveling;
  • systematic errors in differential leveling;
  • random errors in differential leveling;
  • error propagation in trigonometric leveling

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Systematic Errors in Differential Leveling

  • Random Errors in Differential Leveling

  • Error Propagation in Trigonometric Leveling

  • Problems

  • Programming Problems