Standard Article

Andrussow Process

Published Online: 15 SEP 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470638859.conrr018

Comprehensive Organic Name Reactions and Reagents

Comprehensive Organic Name Reactions and Reagents

How to Cite

2010. Andrussow Process. Comprehensive Organic Name Reactions and Reagents. 18:80–82.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2010

Chemistry Terms

Choose one or more boxes to highlight terms.

Abstract

Hydrogen cyanide is manufactured from methane, ammonia, and oxygen over a catalyst of 90% Pt–10% Rh in the form of a pad of woven screens at 1050–1100°C and 2 atm. This reaction has a wide application in industrial synthesis of hydrogen cyanide. This reaction is known as Andrussow process where catalytic gauze is 3–5 mm thick, and when the high gas velocities are employed, about 8% HCN and a number of byproducts such as hydrogen, CO, and CO2 have been reported in the effluent stream. Various modifications have been studied in this reaction especially for the catalyst and the starting materials.

Keywords:

  • hydrogen cyanide;
  • rhodium;
  • methane;
  • ammonia;
  • oxygen