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Gattermann Reaction

Published Online: 15 SEP 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470638859.conrr265

Comprehensive Organic Name Reactions and Reagents

Comprehensive Organic Name Reactions and Reagents

How to Cite

2010. Gattermann Reaction. Comprehensive Organic Name Reactions and Reagents. 265:1206–1208.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2010

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Abstract

The preparation of aromatic halides or aromatic cyanides by decomposition of corresponding diazo salts in the presence of copper powder, in which copper powder is freshly obtained from a copper (II) sulfate aqueous solution, is generally referred to as the Gattermann reaction. It is believed that a radical mechanism might be involved in this reaction, by which electron transfer occurs at the surface of metallic copper. This reaction is useful for the preparation of aromatic halides and cyanides.

Keywords:

  • diazo salts;
  • copper powder;
  • aromatic fluorides;
  • o-benzenedisulfonimides