10. Origin, Evolution, and Breeding of the Grapefruit

  1. Jules Janick
  1. Frederick G. Gmitter Jr.

Published Online: 22 JUN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470650059.ch10

Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 13

Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 13

How to Cite

Gmitter, F. G. (1995) Origin, Evolution, and Breeding of the Grapefruit, in Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 13 (ed J. Janick), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470650059.ch10

Editor Information

  1. Purdue University, USA

Author Information

  1. Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, IFAS, Horticultural Sciences Department, Lake Alfred, Florida 33850, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 22 JUN 2010
  2. Published Print: 3 NOV 1995

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471573432

Online ISBN: 9780470650059



  • origin, evolution, and grapefruit breeding;
  • grapefruit and forbidden fruit relationship;
  • Citrus 1 and related genera - in tribe Citreae of the Rutaceae;
  • grapefruit classification - distinct species, biologically and taxonomically incorrect;
  • modern American horticulturists, considering forbidden fruit as synonym for grapefruit;
  • grapefruit cultivar evolution;
  • white-fleshed cultivars, ‘Duncan’. ‘Duncan’ - very seedy white-fleshed grapefruit;
  • ‘Star Ruby,’ exhibiting flaws - result of radiation-induced mutations;
  • breeding grapefruit and hybrid cultivars;
  • grapefruit cultivars, hybridized with other Citrus species and with Poncirus trifoliata L. Raf


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Origin

  • Evolution of Grapefruit Cultivars

  • Breeding Grapefruit and Hybrid Cultivars

  • Summary

  • Literature Cited