4. Breeding for Negatively Associated Traits

  1. Jules Janick
  1. Weikai Yan1 and
  2. Donald H. Wallace2

Published Online: 22 JUN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470650059.ch4

Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 13

Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 13

How to Cite

Yan, W. and Wallace, D. H. (1995) Breeding for Negatively Associated Traits, in Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 13 (ed J. Janick), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470650059.ch4

Editor Information

  1. Purdue University, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Agronomy, Northwestern Agricultural University, Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100, China

  2. 2

    Departments of Plant Breeding and Biometry, and Fruit and Vegetable Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-1902, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 22 JUN 2010
  2. Published Print: 3 NOV 1995

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471573432

Online ISBN: 9780470650059



  • breeding for negatively associated traits;
  • hypothesis of constant system capacity - two-way and three-way associations;
  • pleiotropic effects - syndrome of traits due to photoperiod-gene activity;
  • competition of developmental stages for calendar time;
  • breeding strategies - tailoring genotypes for specific environments;
  • continued need for independent traits;
  • constant-capacity system analysis - whole-system research on physiological genetics of yield;
  • interplant competition and crop yield;
  • improving breeding methodology;
  • quantifying genotype X environment interaction effects


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Hypothesis of Constant System Capacity

  • Bases for Constant System Capacity

  • Breeding Strategies

  • Interplant Competition and Crop Yield

  • Analysis of Constant-Capacity Systems

  • Summary and Conclusions

  • Literature Cited