6. Breeding Douglas-Fir

  1. Jules Janick
  1. Glenn T. Howe1,
  2. Keith Jayawickrama1,
  3. Marilyn Cherry1,
  4. G. R. Johnson2 and
  5. Nicholas C. Wheeler3

Published Online: 22 JUN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470650349.ch6

Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 27

Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 27

How to Cite

Howe, G. T., Jayawickrama, K., Cherry, M., Johnson, G. R. and Wheeler, N. C. (2005) Breeding Douglas-Fir, in Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 27 (ed J. Janick), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470650349.ch6

Editor Information

  1. Purdue University, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Forest Science, Oregon State University, 321 Richardson Hall, Corvallis, Oregon 97331-5752, USA

  2. 2

    U.S.D.A. Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, 3200 SW Jefferson Way, Corvallis, Oregon 97331-4401, USA

  3. 3

    21040 Flumerfelt Rd. S.E., Centralia, Washington 98531, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 22 JUN 2010
  2. Published Print: 19 DEC 2005

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471732136

Online ISBN: 9780470650349



  • breeding Douglas-Fir;
  • Douglas-fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco] - timber species in western North America;
  • Douglas-fir, for structural lumber and veneer—the strongest and stiffest of North American softwoods;
  • Douglas-fir breeding and research needs;
  • distinctive characteristics of forest trees;
  • ecological characteristics of forest trees - impact on breeding programs;
  • genecology, study of genetic differences in relation to environment;
  • EUDIREC (European Douglas-fir Improvement Research Cooperative) project - collaboration with Belgium, France, Germany, Italy and Spain;
  • open-pollinated mating design - breeding values of trees in wild stands or seed orchards;
  • clonal forestry, production, testing and clone deployment


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Abbreviations

  • Introduction

  • Distinctive Characteristics of Forest Trees

  • Douglas-Fir: The Species

  • Factors That Influence Douglas-Fir Breeding

  • Breeding Goals and Objectives

  • Overview of Tree Breeding Methods

  • Breeding Programs

  • Breeding and Testing Methods

  • Production of Improved Materials for Reforestation

  • Biotechnology

  • Gene Conservation

  • Acknowledgments

  • Literature Cited