Chapter 1. The Psychology and Ecology of Ageing

  1. Elspeth Stirling practising clinical psychologist

Published Online: 29 JUN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470660089.ch1

Valuing Older People: Positive Psychological Practice

Valuing Older People: Positive Psychological Practice

How to Cite

Stirling, E. (2010) The Psychology and Ecology of Ageing, in Valuing Older People: Positive Psychological Practice, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470660089.ch1

Author Information

  1. National Health Service in the United Kingdom

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 JUN 2010
  2. Published Print: 16 APR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470683354

Online ISBN: 9780470660089



  • psychology and ecology of ageing;
  • ageing in global context;
  • certain societies, ‘western’ or ‘northern hemisphere’- epitome of human social and economic development;
  • positive psychology and positive desirable life goals - optimism, happiness and pro-social behaviours;
  • applied positive psychology goals - going beyond baseline;
  • pro-social behaviours and attitudes - changing high consumption patterns of behaviour;
  • positive psychological development in later life - life experiences and accomplishments;
  • positive ageing, reality for people - positive route to conceptualizing ageing;
  • three levels of ageing - Wolfensberger's ‘three levels of impairment’;
  • nature of ageing in technologically dependent societies - societal responses to older individuals and groups


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Ageing in a Global Context

  • Positive Psychology

  • The Three Levels of Ageing

  • How is Ageing Responded to in the Societies of the Technologically Dependent World?

  • Who Are the People We Call Older People?

  • The Old Paradigm for Understanding Ageing: How Beliefs About Ageing Historically Have Influenced Social Responses and Service Models

  • The Vicious Circle of Ageing