Chapter 15. Nanostructural Aspects of Conducting-Polymer Actuators

  1. Ali Eftekhari
  1. Paul A. Kilmartin and
  2. Jadranka Travas-Sejdic

Published Online: 6 JUL 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470661338.ch15

Nanostructured Conductive Polymers

Nanostructured Conductive Polymers

How to Cite

Kilmartin, P. A. and Travas-Sejdic, J. (2010) Nanostructural Aspects of Conducting-Polymer Actuators, in Nanostructured Conductive Polymers (ed A. Eftekhari), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470661338.ch15

Editor Information

  1. Department of Chemistry, Ohio Institute of Technology, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Author Information

  1. Polymer Electronics Research Centre, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 6 JUL 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470745854

Online ISBN: 9780470661338



  • nanostructural aspects of conducting-polymer actuators;
  • polypyrrole (PPy), polyaniline (PANI), and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT);
  • mechanisms and modes of actuation - ion movement and conducting-polymer electrochemistry;
  • conducting-polymer actuation - based on bending of bilayer or trilayer actuator;
  • ‘out-of-plane’ actuation, conducting-polymer films attached to electrode substrate;
  • conducting-polymer actuation modelling;
  • applications of conducting-polymer actuators;
  • solvent and ion size effects - in achieving higher actuation;
  • nanostructured composite actuators;
  • nanostructured conducting-polymer actuators


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Mechanisms and Modes of Actuation

  • Modelling Mechanical Performance and Developing Device Applications

  • Effect of Morphology and Nanostructure upon Actuation

  • Solvent and Ion Size Effects to Achieve Higher Actuation

  • Nanostructured Composite Actuators

  • Prospects for Nanostructured Conducting-Polymer Actuators

  • References