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X-Ray Diffraction: Addressing Structural Complexity in Supramolecular Chemistry

Techniques

  1. Gary D. Enright1,
  2. Satoshi Takeya2,
  3. John A. Ripmeester1

Published Online: 15 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9780470661345.smc041

Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials

Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials

How to Cite

Enright, G. D., Takeya, S. and Ripmeester, J. A. 2012. X-Ray Diffraction: Addressing Structural Complexity in Supramolecular Chemistry. Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    National Research Council, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

  2. 2

    National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Japan

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2012

Abstract

Over the past 15 years, significant advances in X-ray diffraction instrumentation have completely transformed how chemists make use of this technique. This is particularly evident in the field of supramolecular chemistry, where characterizing the structural motifs of molecular crystals is crucial to the understanding of the weak intermolecular forces that are responsible for crystal stability. This chapter describes the advances that are typical of instrumentation available in most chemistry departments as well as the advances in data treatment, structure solution, and refinement that have become possible.

Keywords:

  • single-crystal X-ray diffraction;
  • powder X-ray diffraction;
  • disorder;
  • twinning;
  • gas hydrates