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Template Strategies in Self-Assembly

Self-Processes

  1. David B. Amabilino

Published Online: 15 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9780470661345.smc075

Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials

Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials

How to Cite

Amabilino, D. B. 2012. Template Strategies in Self-Assembly. Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials. .

Author Information

  1. Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona (CSIC), Catalonia, Spain

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2012

Abstract

The use of templates in supramolecular science is one of the most universally applicable concepts, from the synthesis of large organic molecules to the preparation of nanomaterials. The review traces the uses of different types of template from the pioneering work with metal cations, the more recent anion-directed syntheses, to the use of molecular and macromolecular templates. The concepts developed initially from solution-based synthesis can be applied to the preparation of surface-based supramolecular systems, which are so interesting as nanomaterials, and the preparation of macroscopic systems, which have a variety of applications, including porous materials of both organic and inorganic characters for sequestering and separation. It is demonstrated that supramolecular templates are essential for the preparation of these materials and many others and that a wide range of opportunities lie untapped still in the use of bottom-up and top-down techniques guided by the same underlying concepts that have led to such an advance in template-directed synthesis.

Keywords:

  • combinatorial libraries;
  • nanomaterials;
  • macrocycles;
  • molecular recognition;
  • sol–gel;
  • surfaces;
  • template