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Self-Assembly of Coordination Compounds: Design Principles

Self-Processes

  1. Santiago Alvarez,
  2. Eliseo Ruiz

Published Online: 15 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9780470661345.smc076

Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials

Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials

How to Cite

Alvarez, S. and Ruiz, E. 2012. Self-Assembly of Coordination Compounds: Design Principles. Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials. .

Author Information

  1. Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2012

Abstract

The terminology and basic concepts of coordination chemistry are presented, in view of their potential application in the design of supramolecular systems based on transition metals. We describe the main features of the metal ions, mostly in relation to atomic size and oxidation state, and those of the ligands, such as denticity, topology, and flexibility. Polyhedra as stereochemical descriptors and the relationships of nested polyhedra are analyzed. The dependence of stereochemical preferences of the most common six- and four-coordinate metal centers on the electron configuration is systematically studied, and a brief description of the common stereochemistries for other coordination numbers is presented. Finally, basic criteria for understanding the choice of coordination number by a particular combination of metal and ligands are discussed, and ways to describe the stereochemistries of coordination centers with ill-defined coordination numbers are proposed.

Keywords:

  • transition metals;
  • coordination compounds;
  • stereochemistry;
  • ligands;
  • chirality