Self-Assembly of Coordination Compounds: Design Principles
Published Online: 15 MAR 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials
How to Cite
Alvarez, S. and Ruiz, E. 2012. Self-Assembly of Coordination Compounds: Design Principles. Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials. .
- Published Online: 15 MAR 2012
The terminology and basic concepts of coordination chemistry are presented, in view of their potential application in the design of supramolecular systems based on transition metals. We describe the main features of the metal ions, mostly in relation to atomic size and oxidation state, and those of the ligands, such as denticity, topology, and flexibility. Polyhedra as stereochemical descriptors and the relationships of nested polyhedra are analyzed. The dependence of stereochemical preferences of the most common six- and four-coordinate metal centers on the electron configuration is systematically studied, and a brief description of the common stereochemistries for other coordination numbers is presented. Finally, basic criteria for understanding the choice of coordination number by a particular combination of metal and ligands are discussed, and ways to describe the stereochemistries of coordination centers with ill-defined coordination numbers are proposed.
- transition metals;
- coordination compounds;