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Supramolecular Chemistry for Organic Photovoltaics

Supramolecular Devices

  1. Pavel A. Troshin1,
  2. Niyazi S. Sariciftci2

Published Online: 15 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9780470661345.smc105

Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials

Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials

How to Cite

Troshin, P. A. and Sariciftci, N. S. 2012. Supramolecular Chemistry for Organic Photovoltaics. Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Institute for Problems of Chemical Physics of Russian Moscow region, Russia

  2. 2

    Johannes Kepler University Linz, Linz, Austria

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2012

Abstract

In this chapter, we focus on the supramolecular and interface chemistry of organic semiconducting materials used to create the active layers in organic solar cells. The most important types of organic solar cells, typical photoactive materials, device architectures, and operation principles are discussed. A short overview of supramolecular assembling effects in dye sensitized organic solar cells is given. The photoelectrochemical cells based on covalently and noncovalently linked donor/acceptor molecular architectures are described. Special attention is paid to the supramolecular ordering in solar cells based on small molecules, diblock copolymers, and fullerene/polymer blends. A detailed analysis of interface effects on the anode and cathode side of the photovoltaic device is presented.

Keywords:

  • solar cells;
  • photovoltaics;
  • energy conversion;
  • supramolecular association;
  • electron transfer;
  • photoinduced processes;
  • donor;
  • acceptor;
  • photoactive materials;
  • self-assembled monolayers;
  • fullerenes;
  • porphyrins;
  • thiophenes;
  • conjugated polymers