Chapter 7. Joining Ecological Patterns

  1. Otto Wildi

Published Online: 14 JUL 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470664971.ch7

Data Analysis in Vegetation Ecology

Data Analysis in Vegetation Ecology

How to Cite

Wildi, O. (2010) Joining Ecological Patterns, in Data Analysis in Vegetation Ecology, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470664971.ch7

Author Information

  1. WSL Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research, Birmensdorf, Switzerland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 JUL 2010
  2. Published Print: 9 APR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470661024

Online ISBN: 9780470664971



  • joining ecological patterns;
  • analysis of variance - tool for measuring group pattern strength;
  • analysis of variance, testing structure for significance;
  • statistical tests, assessing uncertainty in results;
  • correlating resemblance matrices;
  • correlograms, for spatial and temporal analysis;
  • real-world data - illustrating application of Mantel test;
  • contingency tables, classification and ordination methods aimed at analysing data matrices from full samples;
  • constrained ordination and canonical analysis for related methods


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Pattern and ecological response

  • Analysis of variance

  • Correlating resemblance matrices

  • Contingency tables

  • Constrained ordination