Chapter 8. The Biosynthesis of Volatile Sulfur Flavour Compounds

  1. Andreas Herrmann
  1. Meriel G. Jones

Published Online: 13 AUG 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470669532.ch8

Chemistry and Biology of Volatiles, The

Chemistry and Biology of Volatiles, The

How to Cite

Jones, M. G. (2010) The Biosynthesis of Volatile Sulfur Flavour Compounds, in Chemistry and Biology of Volatiles, The (ed A. Herrmann), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470669532.ch8

Editor Information

  1. Firmenich SA, Division Recherche et Développement, 1 Route des Jeunes, B. P. 239, 1211 Genève 8, Switzerland

Author Information

  1. The School of Biological Sciences, The University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 AUG 2010
  2. Published Print: 20 AUG 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470777787

Online ISBN: 9780470669532

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Keywords:

  • volatile sulfur flavour compound biosynthesis;
  • flavours as secondary metabolites;
  • secondary metabolite biosynthesis - of highly organized and controlled process;
  • compounds, dispensable or ‘secondary’ - biological and ecological functions;
  • sulfur, important macronutrient in plant biology - component of housekeeping biomolecules;
  • sulfur compounds as flavour volatiles;
  • alk(en)yl cysteine sulfoxide flavour precursors;
  • enzyme lachrymatory factor synthase;
  • volatile GS hydrolysis product release;
  • hydrogen sulfide (H2S), major reduced sulfur compound - released by plants, origin uncertain

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction: Flavours as Secondary Metabolites

  • Sulfur in Plant Biology

  • Sulfur Compounds as Flavour Volatiles

  • The Alk(en)yl Cysteine Sulfoxide Flavour Precursors

  • Biosynthesis of the Flavour Precursors of Allium

  • Formation of Volatiles from CSOs

  • The Allium Flavour Volatiles

  • The Enzyme Alliinase

  • The Enzyme Lachrymatory Factor Synthase

  • The Biological Roles of the Flavour Precursors

  • The Glucosinolate Flavour Precursors

  • GS and Their Biosynthetic Pathways

  • Release of Volatile GS Hydrolysis Products

  • The Biological Role of Glucosinolates

  • Application of Transgenic Technology to Applied Aspects of GS Biosynthesis

  • Volatile Sulfur Compounds from Other Plants

  • Conclusion

  • References