13. Mobility and Lower Limb Robusticity of a Pastoralist Neolithic Population from North-Western Italy

  1. Ron Pinhasi4 and
  2. Jay T. Stock5
  1. Damiano Marchi1,
  2. Vitale Sparacello2 and
  3. Colin Shaw3

Published Online: 14 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670170.ch13

Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture

Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture

How to Cite

Marchi, D., Sparacello, V. and Shaw, C. (2011) Mobility and Lower Limb Robusticity of a Pastoralist Neolithic Population from North-Western Italy, in Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture (eds R. Pinhasi and J. T. Stock), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470670170.ch13

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Department of Archaeology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

  2. 5

    Leverhulme Centre for Human Evolutionary Studies, Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Street, Cambridge, United Kingdom, CB2 1QH

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Evolutionary Anthropology, Duke University, 04A Bio. Sci. Bldg., Science Drive, Box 90383, Durham, NC 27708-0383, USA

  2. 2

    Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA

  3. 3

    Department of Anthropology & The Center for Quantitative Imaging, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, State College, PA 16802, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 JAN 2011
  2. Published Print: 18 FEB 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470747308

Online ISBN: 9780470670170

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Keywords:

  • Northwestern Italy, pastoralist Neolithic population - mobility and lower limb robusticity;
  • Western Liguria, in Northwestern Italy - wealth of palaeoanthropological material;
  • Ligurian Late Upper Palaeolithic and Neolithic skeletal samples - diachronic reduction in stature and decline in health indicators;
  • subsistence economy of Ligurian Neolithic - agricultural and herding related activities;
  • Neolithic burials in Liguria, patterns - not found in other periods of region;
  • regression equations, predicting actual cross-sectional geometric properties - ‘solid bone’ section;
  • temporal differences and sexual dimorphism - in body proportions;
  • statistical evaluation of differences - non-parametric Mann-Whitney U-Test corrected for multiple comparisons, and Hommel's sequential Bonferroni procedure;
  • femur and tibia - change in lower limb robusticity in genus homo, decline in relative bone strength during Pleistocene;
  • long bone cross-sectional properties - sex-specific mobility pattern variations and subsistence strategy

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Materials and Methods

  • Results

  • Discussion

  • Conclusion

  • Acknowledgements

  • References