18. Skeletal Differentiation at the Southernmost Frontier of Andean Agriculture

  1. Ron Pinhasi2 and
  2. Jay T. Stock3
  1. Marina L. Sardi and
  2. Marien Béguelin

Published Online: 14 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670170.ch18

Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture

Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture

How to Cite

Sardi, M. L. and Béguelin, M. (2011) Skeletal Differentiation at the Southernmost Frontier of Andean Agriculture, in Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture (eds R. Pinhasi and J. T. Stock), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470670170.ch18

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Archaeology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

  2. 3

    Leverhulme Centre for Human Evolutionary Studies, Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Street, Cambridge, United Kingdom, CB2 1QH

Author Information

  1. División Antropología, Museo de La Plata, Universidad Nacional de La Plata., Paseo del Bosque s/n. 1900 La Plata, Argentina

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 JAN 2011
  2. Published Print: 18 FEB 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470747308

Online ISBN: 9780470670170

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Keywords:

  • Andean agriculture, the southernmost frontier and skeletal differentiation;
  • transition, foraging to food production - in South America, independently and simultaneously in places;
  • domestication, southwards - the Andes and Pacific coast, contacts amongst populations;
  • skeletal morphogenesis, and bones - soft tissue support and protection resisting internal and external forces;
  • fundamental form of endochondral bone - by 3D organization of cartilaginous model;
  • nutritional content of diet - changed, following reliance on crops;
  • biomechanical loadings of skeleton - and habitual behaviour;
  • morphological assessment - based on Functional Matrix hypothesis;
  • femoral epiphyseal breadth (FMHD and FEB)- greater amongst hunter-gatherers;
  • general hypothesis tested - different subsistence strategies, changes in skeletal morphology - not rejected

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Agriculture Expansion at the Argentine Centre-West and its Biological Consequences

  • Skeletal Morphogenesis

  • Objective and Hypotheses

  • Samples

  • Skeletal Components and Statistical Analyses

  • Results and Discussion

  • Conclusions

  • Acknowledgements

  • References