4. Climatic Conditions, Hunting Activities and Husbandry Practices in the Course of the Neolithic Transition: The Story Told by Stable Isotope Analyses of Human and Animal Skeletal Remains

  1. Ron Pinhasi2 and
  2. Jay T. Stock3
  1. Gisela Grupe and
  2. Joris Peters

Published Online: 14 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670170.ch4

Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture

Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture

How to Cite

Grupe, G. and Peters, J. (2011) Climatic Conditions, Hunting Activities and Husbandry Practices in the Course of the Neolithic Transition: The Story Told by Stable Isotope Analyses of Human and Animal Skeletal Remains, in Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture (eds R. Pinhasi and J. T. Stock), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470670170.ch4

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Archaeology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

  2. 3

    Leverhulme Centre for Human Evolutionary Studies, Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Street, Cambridge, United Kingdom, CB2 1QH

Author Information

  1. Staatssammlung für Anthropologie und Paläoanatomie, Karolinenplatz 2a, 80333 München, FRG, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 JAN 2011
  2. Published Print: 18 FEB 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470747308

Online ISBN: 9780470670170

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Keywords:

  • climatic conditions, hunting activities and husbandry practices - Neolithic transition, stable isotope analyses of human and animal skeletal remains;
  • northern Fertile Crescent - core area of Neolithic transition;
  • animal domestication and livestock husbandry - in Upper Euphrates basin, and archaeofaunal studies;
  • human lifestyle and nutrition changes - analysis of botanical and faunal remains;
  • Nevalı Çori, earliest Pre-Pottery Neolithic settlements - in Upper Euphrates basin, evidence for livestock husbandry;
  • carbon in bone structural carbonate - from blood bicarbonate, carbon in its isotopic composition;
  • isotopic analysis, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) analysis - and non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis-test;
  • onset of Early Holocene, warm and wet climatic conditions - woodland vegetation, in Fertile Crescent;
  • archaeological bone finds, and palaeoclimates - stable oxygen isotope ratios of bone phosphate and bone structural carbonate;
  • climate proxies' reconstruction - stable oxygen isotope analysis in vertebrate finds, an actualistic approach

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Northern Fertile Crescent - A Core Area of the Neolithic Transition

  • Were the First Farmers Vegetarians? the Food Web at Nevaliçori

  • δ13C In Mammalian Bone Structural Carbonate: Food Competition and Early Landscape Degradation

  • Palaeoclimate Approximation by δ18O In the Bone Structural Carbonate

  • Conclusions

  • References