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  1. Allen Chun

Published Online: 29 FEB 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670590.wbeog181

The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Globalization

The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Globalization

How to Cite

Chun, A. 2012. Ethnoscapes. The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Globalization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 FEB 2012

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (11 MAR 2016)


Ethnoscape is a term coined by Arjun Appadurai in his essay “Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy” (1990). One of five such terms, ethnoscape is defined as “the landscape of persons who constitute the shifting world in which we live: tourists, immigrants, refugees, exiles, guest workers, and other moving groups and individuals constitute an essential feature of the world and appear to affect the politics of (and between) nations to a hitherto unprecedented degree.” As Appadurai continues to explain, “This is not to say that there are no relatively stable communities and networks of kinship, friendship, work, and leisure, as well as of birth, residence, and other filial terms. But it is to say that the warp of these stabilities is everywhere shot through with the woof of human motion, as more persons and groups deal with the realities of having to move or the fantasies of wanting to move … And as international capital shifts its needs, as production and technology generate different needs, as nation-states shift their policies on refugee populations, these moving groups can never afford to let their imaginations rest too long, even if they wish to.” Ethnoscapes by nature refer to people in flux.


  • ethnicity and culture;
  • social change