Published Online: 29 FEB 2012
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Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Globalization
How to Cite
Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, E. 2012. Nomads. Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Globalization.
- Published Online: 29 FEB 2012
Nomads rely on movement and mobility as an intrinsic part of their livelihood strategies. These livelihood strategies vary both between and within nomadic groups. For example, peripatetic nomads move among settled populations to offer a particular craft or trade, while pastoral nomads (or pastoralists) move with their livestock on a seasonal basis in order to find pasture for their animals. Individuals within a given nomadic group may undertake different activities according to a range of factors including their gender, age, marital status, and tribe. In Salzman's view (1980), a nomadic society is one in which entire families, and not just certain individuals, engage in regular movement to complete essential livelihood activities.
Keywords: indigenous rights; migration