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Anthony of Padua, Saint (c.1195–1231)

  1. Patrick J. Hayes

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0049

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Hayes, P. J. 2011. Anthony of Padua, Saint (c.1195–1231). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

Abstract

Doctor of the Church (Doctor evangelicus), sometimes called St. Anthony of Lisbon, after the city of his birth, and where he is still venerated. The legendae give a mixed record of his early years, mostly owing to confusion over his heritage as a son of a nobleman. He was baptized as Fernando de Bulhões — the son of Teresa Taveira and Martim de Bulhões. He studied at Lisbon, and entered the Canons Regular of St. Augustine, staying with them at Coimbra until 1220. Alerted to the fate of recently martyred Franciscans in Morocco, he was inspired to leave his priory and follow them as a friar minor, taking the name Anthony, though not, perhaps, before his own ordination as a Canon Regular. Given the Augustinians' assiduous life of study and teaching, Anthony became one of the most learned of any Franciscan then living, so noteworthy, in fact, that St. Francis was later to appoint him to the position of lector within the Order. Anthony's own hopes for martyrdom were dashed, however, due to a protracted illness in Morocco which forced a return to the Iberian peninsula, though his wayward sea vessel ended up depositing him in Sicily.

Keywords:

  • anthony of padua, saint (c.1195–1231);
  • doctor of the church (doctor evangelicus);
  • legendae, st. anthonny of lisbon;
  • canons regular, of St. Augustine;
  • most learned of any franciscan;
  • anthony's miracles, immortalized in bronze;
  • “light of holy church