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Bacon, Roger (c.1214–1292)

  1. Alvin J. Schmidt

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0111

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Schmidt, A. J. 2011. Bacon, Roger (c.1214–1292). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


This renowned philosopher scientist was born in about 1214 and died in about 1292. He obtained his higher education at Paris and Oxford. Later, he lectured on Aristotle at Oxford, and between c.1237 and c.1247 he served as an arts lecturer at the University in Paris, then the apex of European universities. Between about 1247 and 1257 he returned Oxford, and from about 1257 (when he became a Franciscan friar) to about 1270 he was in Paris again. From about 1270 to his death, sometime after 1292, he returned to Oxford.


  • Bacon, Roger (c.1214–1292);
  • Opus maius;
  • Opus minus;
  • Opus tertium;
  • mathematics, for understanding science;
  • Opus maius;
  • criticizing clergy orders;
  • clergy;
  • as self-serving