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Bramante, Donato (1444–1514)

  1. George Thomas Kurian

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0187

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Kurian, G. T. 2011. Bramante, Donato (1444–1514). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

Abstract

Also known as Donato di Angelo. Italian architect and painter. His approach to architecture was strongly influenced by painters, such as Mantegna. His first church was Sta Maria presso S. Satiro in Milan in the late 1470s. Here he makes brilliant use of perspective to create the illusion of a three-bay choir on a flat wall. In the 1470s he added a tribune to Sta Maria delle Grazie. Later he went to Rome where he worked on the cloister of Sta Maria della Pace between 1500 and 1504. His next work was the Tempietto in the courtyard of San Pietro in Montorio where he designed a centrally planned martyrium using the Doric order and carving the instruments of the Mass on the colonnade surrounding the cella of the chapel. This led to his appointment as architect of the rebuilding of the Old St. Peter's. Bramante's original design was for a centrally planned church with identical arms. The foundation stone was laid by Pope Julius II. Bramante's plan was abandoned as other architects took over the project, but it inspired Michelangelo, whose grander vision ultimately prevailed. Bramante was also a painter whose somber and poignant Christ at the Column shows the influence of Leonardo.

Keywords:

  • Bramante, Donato (1444–1514);
  • donato di angelo. Italian architect and painter;
  • workings, on cloister of sta Maria della Pace;
  • architect, of rebuilding of the old St. Peter's;
  • Bramante's painting, christ at the column