Brunelleschi, Filippo (1377–1446)
Published Online: 25 NOV 2011
Copyright © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization
How to Cite
Kurian, G. T. 2011. Brunelleschi, Filippo (1377–1446). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization.
- Published Online: 25 NOV 2011
Florentine architect and sculptor, founding father of Renaissance architecture. His first known work was the relief of the Sacrifice of Abraham that he entered for the Baptistery doors in Florence but which failed to win acceptance. Later he was given the commission to design the dome of the Florence cathedral. He was also involved in the construction of the two basilicas of San Lorenzo. He pioneered the concept of the centrally planned chapel in which the external and internal parts are all mathematically in harmony. The same adherence to mathematical proportions is to be found in the loggia of the Innocenti (the Foundling Hospital, 1419–1424) and in his unfinished Sta Maria Degli Angeli (1434–1437). Vasari in his Lives of the Painters credits Brunelleschi with the central vanishing point perspective. His interests in mathematics and geometry led Brunelleschi to design churches based on the circle, which is the perfect geometrical form.
- Brunelleschi, Filippo (1377–1446);
- florentine architect, sculptor, founding father, renaissance architecture;
- work, relief of the sacrifice of Abraham;
- construction of two basilicas, of San Lorenzo;
- Vasari, crediting Brunelleschi, the vanishing point perspective