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Bucer, Martin (1491–1551)

  1. Thomas Schirrmacher

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0201

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Schirrmacher, T. 2011. Bucer, Martin (1491–1551). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


Martin Bucer (German, Butzer; Latin, Martinus Bucerus), German Protestant Reformer of Strasbourg, was the most important German-speaking Reformer of the first generation after Martin Luther and Philip Melanchthon. Well known for trying to reunite a Christianity that was breaking apart, he was also the author of many books on dogmatics, ethics, counseling, and church organization, and of bible commentaries. Originally a Dominican, Bucer was won for the Reformation when as a student he heard Luther speak at the Heidelberg Disputation in 1518. For decades he was the leader of the Reformation in Strasbourg at the French border and the spokesman for the Reformation in the whole of southern Germany.


  • Bucer, Martin (1491–1551);
  • German protestant reformer, of Strasbourg;
  • reuniting a Christianity, breaking apart;
  • new protestant view, marriage and divorce;
  • theological defense of Strasbourg reformation, grund und ursach;
  • organizing religious talks (religionsgespräche);
  • signing augsburg interim, built on Bucer's ideas;
  • forerunner of ecumenism, pioneering idea of a European culture