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Ching-Ching (Adam) (c.750 ce(?)–after 782 ce)

  1. Brett Knowles

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0274

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Knowles, B. 2011. Ching-Ching (Adam) (c.750 ce(?)–after 782 ce). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


Ching-ching, a Persian Nestorian monk-bishop and missionary scholar in T'ang dynasty China, was the grandson of a Persian priest-missionary from Balkh (northern Afghanistan) and worked as a Nestorian monk-bishop and missionary scholar in China during the late 8th century. Although a foreigner from the West, he is usually referred to by his Chinese name (Ching-ching), rather than by his Persian name (Adam). He was famous for his scholarship in Chinese literature and language and was the chief composer of the elegant inscription on the Hsian-fu monument, erected in 781 to commemorate 146 years of Christian activity in T'ang-dynasty China.


  • ching-ching (Adam) (c.750 CE(?)–after 782 CE);
  • ching-ching, a persian nestorian monk-bishop;
  • T'ang-dynasty China, years of christian activity;
  • ching-ching's literary fame;
  • charges of syncretism, against T'ang-dynasty;
  • acculturation of the gospel, in a sense, Chinese