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Chrysostom, Saint John (c.349–407)

  1. Ashish J. Naidu

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0300

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Naidu, A. J. 2011. Chrysostom, Saint John (c.349–407). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

Abstract

John, better known by his title “Chrysostom,” was born in Antioch (modern Antakya, Turkey). Having spent his early years as a student of rhetoric, philosophy, and the Bible, he was ordained as a deacon in 381, and then five years later as a priest. Chrysostom subsequently became the Bishop of Constantinople in 398, outshining several key individuals to become one of the leading figures of the Eastern Church. Augustine, his slightly younger Western contemporary, described him as eruditus et erudiens in the Catholic faith and esteemed him as a distinguished witness and defender of the faith, placing him among the most celebrated learned men and saints (Contra Julianum, 1.6.22).

Keywords:

  • chrysostom, saint John (c.349–407);
  • John, better known by his title “chrysostom”;
  • rhetoric, under the well-known rhetorician libanius;
  • chrysostom's skillful use of metaphors;
  • ecclesiastical career;
  • chrysostom, as deacon and priest at Antioch;
  • bishop of constantinople;
  • anti-chrysostom feelings