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Clement of Alexandria (c.160–215)

  1. Steven R. Harmon

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0319

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Harmon, S. R. 2011. Clement of Alexandria (c.160–215). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


As Titus Flavius Clemens wrote little about his life, his biography is dependent on sources written centuries after his death and conjectures on the basis of hints in his own writings. In his sole autobiographical comment he mentioned briefly the Christian teachers with whom he had studied: an Ionian Greek, a Syrian, an Egyptian, an Assyrian, a Palestinian Jew (probably a Jewish Christian), and finally, “the true Sicilian bee” in Egypt whom Clement considered his most influential teacher. While Clement did not name these teachers, the “Sicilian bee” was in all likelihood Pantaenus, regarded as the founder of the Christian catechetical school in Alexandria.


  • clement of Alexandria (c.160–215);
  • clement, the only witness to texts quoted;
  • adult convert, ordained presbyter, church of Alexandria;
  • ecclesiastical history, of eusebius of caesarea;
  • Jerome's lives of illustrious men;
  • exhortation to the Greeks, the tutor, and the stromata