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Cyril (827–869) and Methodius (826–885)

  1. Paul Higgins

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0382

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Higgins, P. 2011. Cyril (827–869) and Methodius (826–885). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


The Byzantine Greek saints Cyril and Methodius, “the apostles to the Slavs,” were brothers born in Thessalonica to a family of droungarios. In their youth, Cyril and Methodius learned the dialect of the Slavs around Thessalonica, and could speak the language fluently. Their father, a military officer, died when Cyril was 14 and they were thereafter raised by their uncle, a Byzantine official named Theoktistos. Both brothers entered the priesthood at a relatively young age. Cyril studied in Constantinople and read widely; he was especially proficient in linguistics, and studied under Photius, who would later be named patriarch of Constantinople.


  • cyril (827–869) and methodius (826–885);
  • byzantine Greek saints cyril, methodius, “the apostles to the Slavs”;
  • family of droungarios;
  • evangelizing to people, the slavs;
  • evangelizing under the aegis, the Holy Roman Empire;
  • cyril and methodius, venerated in eastern, western churches