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Victoria, Tomas Luis De (1548–1611)

  1. George Thomas Kurian

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0404

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Kurian, G. T. 2011. Victoria, Tomas Luis De (1548–1611). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


The greatest Spanish composer of the Renais-sance, considered an equal of Palestrina. His reputation rests exclusively on church music. He went to Rome in 1565 and probably studied with Palestrina. Following his ordination in 1575 he became chaplain at San Girolamo della Carita from 1578 to 1585. After more than 20 years in Rome he returned to Spain and served until 1603 as chaplain to the widow of Emperor Maximilian II. After her death, he served for the rest of his life as choirmaster and organist at the Convent of Las Descalzas Reales in Madrid.


  • greatest Spanish composer of the renaissance;
  • liturgical output;
  • striving, for concise devotional expression;
  • clarity of structure through cadences, tonal use of harmony;
  • music for holy week, 1585, officium hebdomadae sanctae;
  • power of text-expression