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Jesus Christ

  1. John A. Bertone

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0727

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Bertone, J. A. 2011. Jesus Christ. The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


Jesus Christ is the central figure in Christianity. The title “Jesus Christ” is a composite made up of the personal name “Jesus” (from the Greek Iēsous, which translates the Hebrew name Yēshûa, “Yahweh is salvation” or “Yahweh saves/has saved”) and “Christ” (from the Greek Christos, which translates the Hebrew Māshîah, “anointed one,” indicating a future son from the royal line of King David who fulfills pro-phecies and who will rule on the throne of David his father forever; see Ps. 2:2; 2 Sam. 7:12–16). The name “Jesus Christ” combines the historic figure Jesus with the messianic status that the early Christian movement attributed to him. Most often Jesus was also referred to as “Jesus the Galilean” (Matt. 26:69) or “Jesus of Nazareth” (Matt. 21:11).


  • jesus christ;
  • “yahweh is salvation” or “yahweh saves/has saved”;
  • hebrew māshîah, the “anointed one”;
  • disagreement, matthew and luke accounts;
  • old testament, kingdom of God and restoration of israel