Joseph of Volokalamsk (1439–1515)
Published Online: 25 NOV 2011
Copyright © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization
How to Cite
Paffhausen, A. J. 2011. Joseph of Volokalamsk (1439–1515). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .
- Published Online: 25 NOV 2011
Saint Joseph of Volokalamsk, or Iosif Volotsky, sometimes called “the Father of Medieval Russia,” was an influential figure in early Russian theology and ecclesiology. He was born into a wealthy family of votchinnik, large estate owners with legal rights over their populations, who owned a village in Volokalamsk Principality. Joseph was tonsured as a monk at Borovsk Monastery in 1459, where he attempted to introduce stricter monastic discipline. Failing in this, and disappointed with the laxity at several other monasteries, he went on in 1459 to found the important Volokalamsk Monastery near Moscow, and established a charter emphasizing stringent obedience to the abbot and strict observance of monastic rules.
- Joseph of Volokalamsk (1439–1515);
- Borovsk Monastery;
- Volokalamsk Monastery, Moscow;
- “judaizer” heresy;
- trinity and incarnation