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Knights Templar

  1. Alvin J. Schmidt

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0763

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Schmidt, A. J. 2011. Knights Templar. The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


This medieval Order of knights originated in 1118 when Hugues de Payen led nine knights who vowed to protect traveling Christian pilgrims from bandits on public roads in the Holy Land, especially from Jaffa to Jerusalem during the Crusades. In 1127, Bernard of Clairvaux, a respected Cistercian abbot, gave the Order its rules, which transformed it into a highly effective militia of Christ during the Crusades. In 1128/29 the Council of Troyes endorsed the Order, and the pope issued three Bulls in support of it. When first founded, the group was named The Poor Knights of the Temple because initially they were quartered on the temple site in Jerusalem, where they also did some excavating with the hope of finding artifacts belonging to King Solomon's temple.


  • medieval order of knights;
  • bernard of clairvaux;
  • the templars, monks and knights combined