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Luther, Martin (1483–1546)

  1. Alvin J. Schmidt

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0833

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Schmidt, A. J. 2011. Luther, Martin (1483–1546). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


Martin Luther was born in Eisleben in Saxony, Germany, on November 10, 1483. His father wanted him to study law, so in 1501 he sent him to study at the University of Erfurt. Four years later on a sultry day in July, 1505, a storm arose and a flash of lightning struck him to the ground. This prompted him to say, “St. Anne help me! I will become a monk.” Soon after, he enrolled in the Augustinian Cloister in Erfurt. Being religiously devout, he found that no matter how hard he tried to please God with his behavior, he still saw himself as an unforgiven sinner vis-à-vis a righteous God.


  • Luther, Martin (1483–1546);
  • Augustinian cloister in erfurt;
  • appalled, by corruption of the papacy;
  • famous “here-I-stand” words;
  • De servo arbitrio (the bondage of the will)