Standard Article

Martini, Simone (1284–1344)

  1. George Thomas Kurian

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0859

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Kurian, G. T. 2011. Martini, Simone (1284–1344). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

Abstract

Siennese painter, the most distinguished after Duccio. His earliest dated work is a large fresco in the town hall at Sienna of the Maestà (1315 and 1321), a Madonna and child enthroned in the midst of saints. Later Simone went to Assisi where he painted a chapel in the lower church with scenes from the Life of St. Martin. The frescoes are characterized by sinuous lines and vivid naturalism. In 1324 Simone married the sister of the painter Lippo Memmi, who became his partner. Both signed the Annunciation (1333), an altarpiece. A later work is a polyptych with separate panels containing the Annunciation, Crucifixion, and Deposition, as well as the Entry into Jerusalem and Entombment. In 1401 Simone went to Avignon and remained there until his death. At Avignon he painted Christ Returning to his Parents after Disputing in the Temple. Two frescoes in the Cathedral of Notre-Dame des Doms in Avignon, Christ in Majesty with the Angels and Virgin and Child with Angels, were commissions from the papal court but now survive only as underpaintings. Martini was one of the main sources of the International Gothic.

Keywords:

  • martini, simone (1284–1344);
  • siennese painter duccio;
  • life of St. Martin;
  • annunciation (1333), an altarpiece;
  • sources of the international gothic